Historical evolution Vienna
Historical evolution Vienna is a city with 1800 years of history of the ancient city, Vienna has been inhabited in the Neolithic age. The Celts around 500 BC to establish Vienna, called" Vedunia". In 15Rome became an Basketball Shoesimperial a frontline City, used to defend the North Germanic tribes, Rome called " Vindobona". In first Century the Romans established here castle, A.D. 881to" Vigny" the first recorded in twelfth Century, become the industrial and commercial center, the end of the thirteenth Century to 1918 is the capital of the Habsburg dynasty, later is the capital of Austria. In 1137 to become the first city of the Principality of Austria. After this dimension has become the Holy Rome Empire (1278) capital. At the end of the thirteenth Century Schloss Schoenbrunn [ game ] In the game of Schloss Schoenbrunn The Habsburg Royal, along with the rise, development is rapid, the magnificent Gothic buildings such as bamboo shoots after a spring rain after. After fifteenth Century Rome became an imperial capital and economic center of europe. Sixteenth Century and seventeenth Century Osman Empire every invasion of Europe in Vienna were blocked. In eighteenth Century, Maria iron column thea parent during the administration of keen on reform, against the church, promote social progress, also brought the prosperity of art, so that Vienna has become the centre of European classical music, won the" Music City" reputation. With the nineteenth Century the Austro-Hungarian Empire 's prosperity, Vienna also became Europe an important will, become the Empire of Austria (1806) and the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867) capital. Held in Vienna in 1873106 days of world exposition. During the Second World War, Austria once again and Nazi Germany merged, after the war, Austria and Vienna, with Germany and Berlin, by Britain and the United States, the Soviet Union Law, is divided into four areas of control management, until the1955 Austria was once again independent. During the cold war, Vienna was a hotbed of international espionage, because it is located in the East and West Group between a neutral country. In prehistoric times, the Rome times, the Middle Ages Archaeological discoveries in Vienna in the old stone age human activities there, the new stone age has been inhabited in Vienna basin, Vienna good weather conditions and rich land resources as the Neolithic farmers with a good living environment, cast stone required red brown and green stones are mined in Vienna to. The bronze age, bronze age and iron age also left Vienna with human habitation. About the year 500 BC, the Celts in the present Nike Shoes location of Vienna to establish a " Vedunia " residential area, the Rome empire in first Century near The Danube ( now Vienna city) stationed in the army and the establishment of the city, in order to protect the Pannonian provinces border. The Romans until early fifth Century fifth Century, Vienna suffered a devastating fire, the next record in881 years with the Magyars, battle of. In 955years, the East Frankish Kingdom king Otto I at the battle at Dolohov defeated the Magyars, marking the Vienna and the rise of Austria. Cling to the Babenberg Era In 976years, and the fort Leopold the divine Rome emperor Otto II, called the Bavarian eastern border ( Mark ) of the Han Hou ( high job), the Hungarian border fief later evolved into the Austria. 996 year history occurred for the first time the name" Austria", meaning " Eastern Mark Ostarrichi". In Eleventh Century Vienna was an important trading city, Vienna as the capital of Henry II in 1155, one year after the September 17, 1156Rome sacred emperor Frederick I awarded Austria Henry II to small privileges, Austria from an attached to the Bavarian Han Hou territory to independent Duke of China, while Vienna became the capital of the duchy of. Vienna in 1221 after the Enns became Austria second enjoys development economic rights of way of Vienna City, the merchant must send their goods in the city to provide sales, which soon became the leading to the Venice Vienna The Danube Road on a vital trade city. The Habsburg Era The Habsburg dynasty in Vienna has several hundred years of history, Vienna at this period of development to become Europe's cultural and political center. In 1278the German King Rudolf I (1273 to1291 reign ) in many conquests after victory over papen Babenberg Bohemian king Otto II, the Habsburg rule began the history of Austria. But in Vienna, the Habsburgs took a long time to establish dominance, Otto II in 1278, after the battle, his supporters in Vienna forces, still strong, launched the field against the German King Albrecht I (1298 to1308 reign ) uprising, where Albrecht I of the Luxemburg Dynasty of Henry VII (1308 to1313in1312 to1313, the holy emperor of Rome ) to the capital in Prague, Vienna city Adidas Running development into the shadow. [ ] Vienna Opera Vienna Opera Thereafter Rudolf IV (1358 to1365, the Duke of Austria ) promulgated a series of economic policy, make Vienna back to life, he founded in 1365, the University of Vienna, and ordered the construction of the Basilica of Stephen in Vienna, Vienna he made very large contribution, also known as the" Vienna builders", but then he participated in the Habsburg inheritance battle, this makes Vienna continued to riot, the economic downturn. In 1438 Austria Duke Albrecht II (1404 to1439,1438 to1439, the Duke of Austria, king of Germany ) was elected king of Germany, Vienna once again became the capital, but his tenure occurred from 1421 to1422the Jews of Vienna 's first large-scale deportation and persecution. The weak Frederick III (1440 to1493,1452to 1493the divine king of Germany, emperor of Rome, from 1457 to1493, the Grand Duke of Austria and king of Hungary ) in Hungarian Yeti Ma gash in the war, lost Vienna included almost all of Austria. 1556 Hungary and Bohemia incorporated into the Habsburg, Vienna eventually became holy Rome imperial capital. The two siege of Vienna and the Baroque Era In 1529 Osman Empire - the first siege of Vienna, Austria people rely on medieval walls, difficult to resist the Turkish attack, during epidemics burst and winter ahead of the arrival of the cases, the Turks were forced to withdraw. The Turkish siege exposed the Vienna city defense is weak, so from 1548Vienna decided to transform into a by 11forts and1trench forms the fortress. This decision was later proved to be wise, the Turks in 1683second siege of Vienna, after the transformation of the garrison to defend Vienna for two months, until Poland King Jan sobieski sent troops to support, lifting the second siege of Vienna, also led to Osman empire began to decline. Experienced Turkish two siege, Vienna began the brilliant construction era, in the process of rebuilding continued to show style of Baroque art, the nobles are within the city walls built gardens and the palace, of which the most famous is the prince Eugen of Baer Buddha 's Cheap Timberland palace. [ Belvedere ( Baer Buddha 's Palace ). Belvedere ( Baer Buddha 's Palace ) After the 1679 and1713two major pest infectious causes population large attenuation, Vienna's population continued to increase, to 150000 in 1724, broke through 200000 1790, in this era, Vienna established the first factory, laid out the city sewers and street cleaning system, improve the sanitary condition of the city. Vienna was also one of the first introduction of residential grade system and the state postal system of the city. In Joseph II (1780 to1790,1765 to1790, Archduke of Austria, holy emperor of Rome ) in 1783 on the city management reform, he introduced the city civil service system, will be moved out of the city and inner city cemetery. [ ] Carle Cathedral Carle Cathedral With the rapid development of the city, Vienna soon became one of the most important cultural center in Europe, Haydn, Salieri, Mozart, Beethoven and Schubert will be the culmination of Vienna classicism. The Austria Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Nike UK Empire under the rule of Vienna In the French Revolution, Vienna has two times by Napoleon's troops occupied. The first occurred in November 13, 1805, the French troops were subjected to resistance, as easy as blowing off dust into the Vienna, Vienna citizens even curious to welcome them. Frantz II before wearing the crown of Austria in 1804, in response to Napoleon proclaims oneself emperor, became Austria's first emperor, started the Austria imperial history. While Napoleon was dissolved in 1806holy Rome Empire, Frantz II had to pick the Holy Rome imperial crown, become holy Rome empire of the last emperor (1792 to1806 reign ). In 1809second Napoleon occupied Vienna, but this time he met with stubborn resistance, captured in Vienna soon after the battle in Aspen Payne tasted the first defeat. Napoleon ultimately lost the war, from September 18, 1814 to June 9, 1815at the Vienna conference, it is a by the Austria diplomat Clemence Metternich initiated the European powers of the diplomatic conference, intended for Napoleon after Coach Sale the defeat to adjust the political map of europe. In 1848February revolution in Vienna also had an impact, in March 13th the first outbreak of the German revolution of March, forcing the prime minister Clemence Metternich to step down, and then again in October 6th Vienna uprising of October, was the emperor's army to suppress. The 1873 World Exposition in Vienna Vienna start the expansion in 1850, once again showing the brilliant in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, established in 1867," the Waltz King" John Strauss created Austria's most famous waltz" The Danube". This paragraph of brilliant in 1873fifth Vienna world's fair peaked, fair show an unprecedented building design. Although the Austro-Hungarian Empire to its close, but this time Vienna also climb again to modernism in Vienna as the representative of the cultural peak, the building in the city launched a new movement in art, painting highlights Gustaf Krim ( Gustav Klimt ) and Egon Schiller ( Egon Schiele ) of Chanel Online expressionism, music while Muller and Lehar, Schoenberg, Bourne Webster and Alban Berg 's" second Vienna school", Sigmund Freud created psychoanalysis. The first World War and the first Republic of Austria The first World War, although there is no direct spread to Vienna, but the war caused a delay for a long time the supply of food and clothes crisis. The first World War ended, declared the6century Habsburg dominance and the Austro-Hungarian Empire disintegrated, November 12, 1918 in Vienna the German Parliament before the establishment of the Republic of Austria, in 1919 changed its name to the Austria Republic, the first Republic of Austria. Austria almost half of the population living in Vienna 's lower Austria,6 other states that were under Austria state long grasp the initiative, in addition to the social democracy of Vienna and the conservative Austria, other area exists between the severity of the political opposition, Austria decided in 1921 to Vienna from Austria, discrete, in 1922 Vienna became a federal state of Austria. At the same time, in 1919, Vienna introduced the equality of men and women from the social democratic election, in the city, the State Senate parliamentary and local elections has obtained an absolute majority, Vienna was known as the" red Vienna". The statue of Mozart [ Vienna ] Vienna Mozart statue The Austria Republic in the first period, Vienna Prada Trainers experienced in 1918to 19251929inflation, the world economic crisis and high unemployment. In addition, the conservative federal government of Austria has cut Austria's tax support. Hitler came to power in 1933,1938 as German imperial Prime Minister Hitler to enter the annexation and Austria, end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in history, established the Nazi dictatorship.
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