the Japanese occupation
Thereafter, Singapore in February 15th Chanel Bags every year in the monument held Memorial and ritual activities, with recall during the Japanese occupation were killed civilians. This became a total defence day, all public warning system at twelve five chime, its purpose is to remind people to unite together to defend, singapore. The Singapore colonial history are interested, please search Singapore TV play" the price of peace" video. The series is truly reflect the situation, the silent years, human love, history will not forget. [4 ] Towards autonomous and merge ( 1945-1963 ) 1945 September, British forces returned to Singapore in 1946, March, the end of martial law, the Straits Settlements was officially dissolved. In April 1, 1946, Singapore became a crown colony. Postwar Singapore has with the prewar vary greatly, people's requirements in the government have more of a say. The governor's power is dispersed, by an official and was appointed unofficial members of the Advisory Group was established. The system in 1947 July into two separate administrative and legislative conference. In 1959, Singapore achieved autonomous status. On May 27, 1961, the Prime Minister of Malaya, Tunku Abdul Rahman announced to Singapore, Malaya, Brunei, Sarawak and North Borneo ( Sabah) combined to form a federal. To this, Li Guangyao decided to hold a referendum, the last 71% of the votes. In 1963, Singapore together with the Federation of Malaya, Sarawak and Sabah group was established federal, from British rule. The new combined ( 1963-1965 ) After the merger, Singapore began and the central government had the contradiction, the policy also has different view. The new government for the first time open conflicts in the December 21, 1963. Prime Minister Li Guangyao has criticized Malaysia 's annual budget to promote the social status does not give enough budget. Singapore businessman also began to complain of central government discriminated against them, not to them and other state the same interests, but to them to implement the quota system. Bilateral economic contradictions in 1964 December, the central government asked Singapore will be turned over to the central tax increased from 40% to 60% after heating. At that time, Malaysia finance minister Chen Xiuxin said that this is because the Indonesian confrontation and lead to arms budget increase. In the same month, the central government announced it would close a Singapore bank of China, Bank of China in Malaya is supported by the Communist Party armed activities. The two politics has conflict, 1963, by the UMNO, Ma Hua and the Congress party formed by the union of the party with the support of the central government in Singapore state elections. However, the Alliance Party has not only added a seat, the original three Cheap Prada districts have also been the people's Action Party capturing. In 1964 September, the Indonesian alienate one person from another spy, Singapore had another race riot. Indonesia agents will be a Malay pedicab murder and fled, the Malays considered Chinese dry, so the revenge, the results of both heavy casualties. " Ketuanan Melayu " concept gradually toward the center stage. Non-Malay parties have publicly expressed opposition to" racism". In 1965 May, Singapore Action Party and the other main opposition claims to be" Malaysia 's Malaysia" national equality instead of" native priority" of the aborigines protection policy. PAP and UMNO political contest in 1964, July and September two by Singapore race riot. Finally, the prime minister Tunku Abdul Rahman to avoid deterioration of the situation that demand in August 7, 1965, Singapore seceded from Malaysia, then, in August 9th, with UMNO led coalition in Congress emergency through amending, Congress by 126 votes to 0 Singapore is expelled from the Federation, but was forced to separate the island, Republic of Singapore was formally established. The Republic of Singapore ( 1965 to date) After independence, Singapore seek international recognition, joined the United Nations in September 21, 1965. In October the same year Singapore to join the commonwealth. In August 8, 1967 Singapore Kyoritsu ASEAN ( Association of Southeast Asian Nations). As a small country, the world whether Singapore can continue to exist to express doubt. In addition to the sovereignty dispute, other important issues including housing shortages, lack of land and natural resources. The unemployment rate was high up to 12%. In 2011 the Marina Bay floating stage hosted the 46 anniversary National Day ] In 2011 the Marina Bay floating platform to host the 46 anniversary National Day In order to survive and live, Singapore began a series of measures, the development of industry and economy. On 1961 the establishment of the economic development agency committed to the implementation of the principle of national economic development, take manufacturing industry seriously, Jurong industrial zone was officially established, and in the cold, toa Payoh and establish a base of light industry. In order to attract foreign capital, the government decided to give foreign enterprises preferential. The same year, Economic Development Bureau reorganization, JTC and the Development Bank of Singapore is also the founding. Industrialization quickly made Singapore manufacturing industry in ten years to become the world's major electronic product export country. Although Singapore's domestic political freedom space gradually suppressed, economic has made a rapid development, quickly became the main Southeast Asia finance and entrepot trade center, Cheap Coach Sale became" one of the East Asian tigers". At the same time, the Singapore People's living standard has been greatly improved, housing, education, transportation and other issues are resolved. From 1966 to 1981, the people's action party occupies the entire congress. Action Party often use a variety of judicial procedure, suppressing all opposition. In 2011 May, Singapore general election results and brought a new meteorological and vitality, the government in the election of 87 seats held 81 seats, but there was no parallel in history. But the opposition party took 6 seats and 3 seats in a constituency. Economics System Singapore is a highly developed economy with state-owned economy occupies dominant countries, countries through the Pale Horse Pewter holding other sovereign wealth funds, occupies the entire Singapore stock market more than half the market capitalisation. In the nineteen seventies, Singapore began to gradually get rid of relying solely on the entrepot trade subsistence situation, and gradually transition to the high added value of capital, technology intensive industry and high-tech industry. The beginning of 80's, Singapore accelerates development capital is concentrated, high value-added emerging industry, investing heavily in infrastructure construction. 90 time to further promote economic growth, vigorously implement the" regional economic development strategy", quicken to overseas investment, and actively carry out foreign economic activities. Between 2004 and 2007, real GDP growth averaged 7%, but due to the impact of the global financial crisis in 2008 dropped to 1.1%, a number of industry shocks. The government launched a new round of economic stimulus policies, strengthen market supervision, safeguarding financial market stability, enhance the confidence of investors. The long term, the government hopes to build a new growth way in order to better cope with the variety of products especially information technology products to the global demand cycle. Singapore in pharmaceutical and medical technology production areas to attract a large number of investment, and will continue to build Southeast Asia finance and high technology center. Total amount As of 2011 December, gross domestic product of NZ $326832000000, an increase of 4.9%, or $259823000000, or $50123 per capita. Industry In 1961 October the government to speed up the industrialization process, promote economic development, created the Jurong industrial area. In addition, Luo Yang, also in Telford One of the pillars of the economy [ Singapore Jurong Island One of the pillars of the economy of Singapore Jurong Island To establish a base of light industry. Various Cheap Timberland Boots industrial zone industrial type are many, including: rubber processing, shipbuilding, ship repair, oil, steel, cement, chemical, textile, medicine, automobile assembly. Industrial products include electronic products, chemicals and chemical products, machinery and equipment, transportation equipment, petroleum products, oil refining and other departments. In addition, the Jurong Island is also have perfect infrastructure of energy and petrochemical industry center, currently has more than 100 large global petroleum, petrochemical and special chemical enterprises in the island with the factory, has attracted more than $24000000000 in investment. Service industry Service industry in Singapore economy plays a more important role for Singapore, GDP 2 / 3, the main industries include wholesale and retail industries (including trade services ), business services, transportation and telecommunications, financial services, accommodation industry ( hotels and guesthouses ), the other six categories. Wholesale and retail trade, business services, transport and communication sector, financial services industry is a service industry from Singapore four big industry, the wholesale and retail industry due to include trade, therefore the largest share. Singapore business services include real estate, legal, accounting, consulting, IT services industry. Transport and communications industry, including the terraqueous empty traffic and transport, including the traditional postal services and the emerging telecommunication service industry. The financial services industry, including banking, securities ( stocks, bonds, futures ), insurance, asset management and other categories, we can say that it is the four big service industry development, Singapore to establish its Asian financial center, shipping center, trade center. Agriculture Agriculture in the forest house port number, with arable land area of 2000 hectares, is preserved in the export of high output value of agriculture production of agricultural products, mainly include: Gardening ( orchid ), eggs, fish, aquatic products and vegetables ( cabbage, spinach, Gai Lan ). Singapore has a total of more than 100 seawater farms, mostly located in the Pulau Ubin and forest home port waters, feeding perch, tiger, red snapper and toothless SCAD fish supply the local market. Currency Singapore dollar [ referred to as: Singapore or new coins, formerly known as: slope coin ] to S $ marker, is Singapore's legal tender. Singapore dollars can be divided for notes and coins. Currently in Singapore of banknotes in circulation : 10000 yuan, 1000 yuan, 100 yuan, 50 yuan, 10 yuan, 5 yuan, 2 yuan notes. Coins : 1 yuan, 50 points, 20 points, 10 points, 5 points and 1 cents. Brand Singapore because land area is finite, many local brands need outside help, by foreign enterprises engaged in processing, the following is the Singapore brand: Singapore Airlines, tiger beer, wheat beer, beautiful city Zhenxiang, bread, OSIM, Gaopinle, Fang Chi Group, pencil club, Cape Bai Lin, crocodile, United Overseas Bank overseas Cheap Adidas shoes Chinese bank, DBS Bank, etc.. Editor this paragraph politics National leaders President Chen Qingyan, was sworn in on September 1, 2011, seventh president; prime minister Li Xianlong, took over as prime minister on August 12, 2004, third prime minister; former prime minister, Minister Mentor of Li Guangyao, long after independence in 1965. As prime minister to resign as prime minister in 2004, 1990, became the senior minister, after the general election of 2011, Li Guangyao and former Prime Minister Wu Zuodong announced not any job as the new cabinet. System of government After the English name of the responsibility cabinet system, the national heads for the president. The president is elected, and the fiscal budget, fund use and important government personnel appointment matters such as right of consent, issue orders without Prime Minister countersigns, but do not have the military commander, emergency disposal and emergency command authority. The cabinet The cabinet is the highest administrative body, by the prime minister and the head of the Department of composition. The majority party leader will be the president appointed prime minister, Nike Jordan negative real administrative responsibility. The cabinet is divided into the interior, under diplomatic, defense, justice, finance, education, health, transportation, labor, trade and industry, the national development, environment and water resources, social development, news communication and the arts, community development, youth and sports ministry, each part is provided with a minister in 1, Minister of state ( equivalent to the affairs ) from 1 to 2, by the prime minister since Congress of Lin set after the president to appoint, recommended. Congress Adopt unicameral, Congress has elected 87 members, up to 3 non-constituency member of Parliament, as well as 9 NMPs, elected members, 12 from the Department of the 12 radio Singapore Government Building [ ] Singapore Government Building District ( each district elects 1 people ) referendum, the rest from 14 GRC ( from each district in a group of 4 to 6 people ) referendum, in principle the Congress elected every 5 years. To ensure that the Congress in opposition to one or more representatives of political parties, Congress allowed to appoint up to 3 non-constituency member of Parliament, if there is a member of the opposition candidate in the general election elected, non-constituency member of Parliament Cheap Nike Shoes will reduce 1. In addition, Congress in 1997 passed a constitutional amendment in Congress agreed to discuss, elected members, another additional 9 NMPs, the purpose is to let Congress have more independence and nonpartisan opinions. Justice The judiciary has two levels of courts, superior courts by the high court, the court of appeal of the lower court, civil court; by the district court and simple court. There are also religious courts handle Muslim marriage, special problems. A watershed in 2011 general election This is a significant election, also represents the Li Guangyao era. The sixteenth congressional election held in May 7, 2011. The last Congress in April 19, 2011 announced the dissolution of the nomination day, April 27, 2011. This time the voter turnout number amounts to 2050000 7690, which voters accounted for 93.06%. This was independent Singapore since most candidates to participate in the competition, is the largest voter turnout in this election.
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