Vietnam, the Socialist Republic Chanel Bags of Viet Nam ( Socialist Republic of Vietnam ), Indochina Peninsula in the East, West and North on the border with China, Laos, Kampuchea junction, East and south faces the South China Sea, coasting grows 3260 kilometers. Vietnam's wild animal species, rich in natural resources. 1986 start implementation of reform and opening up. In 1996 the Viet Cong eight proposed to vigorously promote national industrialization, modernization. In 2001 the Viet Cong nine determined to build system of socialist market economy. The Communist Party of Vietnam is the country's only legal political party. General Vietnamese, Chinese and English has also been widely used. Vietnam is Southeast Asia country, the history is most deeply affected by Chinese culture, and the only one to accept the Confucian thought of the state. Vietnam is also a member of the association of Southeast Asian nations. Brief introduction [ ] of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam ( in English: The Socialist Republic of Vietnam ) ( Vietnamese: C Ho, xã h Qiu; Xi ch NGH. VI Nam VN Wang ), code. The Vietnam scenes of ( 17 ) Geography [ ] Indochina Peninsula in the East, North and China ( Chongzuo, Fangchenggang) border, southwest and Laos, Kampuchea junction, East and south faces the South China sea. A coastline of more than 3260 kilometers. Vietnam National approximately 329000 square kilometers. The terrain consists of hills and dense forests, plains area of not more than 20%, mountainous area accounts for 40%, accounted for 40% of total forest hills, 75%. The northern region by a plateau and the Red River Delta. The eastern partition into the coastal lowlands, Shan mountains and highlands, and the Mekong River delta. Vietnamese is the Austro-Asiatic Mon - Khmer languages. Located south of the Tropic of cancer, is a tropical monsoon climate, high temperature is rainy. The annual average temperature of 24 degrees celsius. The average annual rainfall for the reduction 18002000 mm. The north in spring, summer, autumn, winter seasons. Southern rain drought two season is trenchant, most areas of 5-10 months is the rainy season, November to April of the next year for the dry season. [ time ] 7 hours earlier than Greenwich time; 1 hours later than Beijing time [ monetary ] Dong vnd and RMB exchange rate: 1 yuan = 3175.0145 vnd ( March 23, 2011) [ ] VN International Code [ ] in Cochin, Kofi Annan, Qu Yue,, [ ] the capital Hanoi ( Vietnamese: H, N Xi; English: Hanoi ). [ state ] President Zhang Cheap Prada Jin Chong ( Vietnamese: the T Sang Tr Yuan Qiu; English: Truong Tan Sa [ the Vietnamese capital of Hanoi. The Vietnamese capital of Hanoi NG ), inaugurated in July 25, 2011. [ ] the Lunar New Year Festival: Chinese lunar new year consistent with. The Communist Party of Vietnam set up date: February 3rd ( 1930). South Vietnam Liberation Day: April 30th ( 1975). Vietnam National Day: September 2nd ( 1945). Hu Zhiming 's birthday: May 19th ( 1890). Population In 2010, Vietnam government announced the national census of 87000000, in which the male 49.6%, female 50.4%. Due to the influence of Confucianism, the Vietnamese men are superior to women thought is more serious, every male birth proportion is far higher than the proportion of female infants. According to the Vietnamese population experts predict, to 2012 the Vietnam national male population accounted for more than the female population proportion, then the Vietnam national population of female male few situation becomes final history. There are 54 people, the total population of 86%, gathered in large alluvial Delta and coastal plain regions. Jing as one of the largest fellow social groups, control of the nation's political economy, dominant culture, exert great influence on social life. Ethnic minorities have the Tay, Thai, Khmer, Mans family, Chinese, nung population of more than 500000. The minority nationalities living in the occupied 2/3 of the land area of the highland of vietnam. Chinese about 1000000 ( accounting for 1.5% of the country ), half of them concentrated in Hu Zhiming city ( accounted for 12% of the city ). Vietnam scenery appreciation ( 18 pieces) The main language is Vietnamese ( the official language, language, the main national language is Vietnamese ). The main religions: Buddhism, Catholicism, and teaching and cao-dai. National flag Vietnam:" provisions of the constitution of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam flag is rectangular, its width to length 2/3, red bottom are among the five angle to venus." What say normally namely Venus red. The national flag is red flag bottom, Center for a five angle to venus. Red symbolizes revolution and the victory, five corner Venus symbol of Vietnamese Communist Party to the national leadership, the five-star five angle respectively represent the workers, farmers, soldiers, and intellectuals. National Anthem Music National Anthem [ ] Music National Anthem Vietnam 's national anthem is" into the song". " Into the song" by the end of 1944 famous Vietnamese musicians than creation. The first Congress was held in 1946 in Vietnam second times the conference was officially identified as the national anthem. National flower Vietnamese folk lotus as a national flower, Cheap Coach Sale taking it as the strength, luck, peace, the symbol of light, also regard lotus metaphor hero and buddha. In short, all the beautiful ideal with lotus express. National Emblem Vietnam National Emblem [ ] Vietnam National Emblem Vietnam national emblem is a five-pointed star in the middle, representing the Communist Party of Vietnam, emblem is surrounded by rice and golden gear, representing the workers and peasants stratum. Golden gears is written in Vietnamese" C Qiu most Ho, Ch Ngh. Xã H Vi Nam; Xi Wang" (meaning " the Socialist Republic of Vietnam." ) on a red ground ribbon. It is designed with the people's Republic of China is quite similar. ) Editor this paragraph of religion Buddhism The largest religion in vietnam. The original Vietnam Buddhism was imported from India, around the first century, the merchant of India have been by sea into Vietnam, many of which are Buddhist merchant. Therefore, Buddhism began to spread into the vietnam. The Eastern Han Dynasty, Buddhism spread from China to Vietnam, the Vietnamese called" north". After tenth Century, is honored as the national religion. Theravada Buddhism from Thailand and Kampuchea to, known as the " Southern branch". The Buddhists of about 50000000 people. The letter most Mahayana buddhism. Catholic In 1533 Rome missionaries went to Vietnam to preach, but without success. Portugal, Spain and other countries at the end of sixteenth Century to missionary missionary again, through bribery and the policy of the ruling class will eventually Catholicism in Vietnam, and rapid development. During the period of French rule gained legal status. There are currently about about 3000000 adherents, the South Vietnamese Catholics in Dong Nai province is the largest area, church buildings. Located in Hu Zhiming city 's Gothic cathedral of Notre Dame is the city's main tourist attractions, the church before the" Paris commune with earth square" erected huge madonna. Seaside resort city view Jesus hill, stands 32 meters tall giant statue of jesus. ( founded in 1974 ). Before the Nguyen Dynasty Southern queens and South Vietnamese President Cheap Timberland Boots Wu Tingyan the pious. Vietnam now use the phonetic alphabet, is a French Jesuit missionary Rhodes ( Alexandre de Rhodes ) invented by. Protestant Christianity Introduced into Xigong at the 1893, but was refused by the French colonial authorities banned. Until 1920, alliance will lay a solid foundation in vietnam. Many of the existing Protestant believers, are mainly distributed in Hanoi, Haiphong, Hexi, Guangnan day, Da Nang, polet ancient, smooth and. The high-profile In 1926, Li Wenzhong Wu Wenzhao and Buddhism, Christianity, Taoism, Confucianism, founded the native religion. Known as the" Avenue three Purdue caodaism .". In Confucius ( humanitarian ), Jiang Taigong ( Shinto ), Jesus ( word ), I ( Taoism ), releasing tracks ( Buddhism ). Southern Vietnam, Xining flower to the farmer most faith caodaism, daily for 6 points, 12 points, 18 points, 24 points to burn incense to chant. And teach In 1939 Huang Fuchu founded. The teaching of Buddhism variants, but not built the temple, with a piece of red cloth instead of gods, offerings for flowers and water. Popular in southern Vietnam Anjiang, same tower, Sally Mei River, Dongchuan and other places. History Early history Administrative division [ Vietnam ] Provinces of Vietnam Vietnam has a long history. Archaeological sites may permit, 400000 years ago in ancient times, Vietnam land has been found to have traces of human life. The archaeologists found in Vietnam Palaeolithic sites ( 300000 years ago ) to e culture ( originally found in Thanh Hoa province e site name) and mountain Wai culture ( originally found in Phu tho Province mountain Wai sites named ) as the representative of the Mesolithic sites ( 10000 years ago ) to a culture of peace ( 20 because of, first discovered in peaceful province sites named ) as a representative. Neolithic Remains since 5000 to the northern culture first found in Lang Son Province Beishan sites named as representative. According Cheap Adidas shoes to the site. The archaeologists concluded, in the stone age humans have learned to animal husbandry and planting rice. According to the legend, Vietnam the first country paper long country ( later renamed Luo Ou country ) is established in the bronze age, taking Dongshan culture ( originally found in Thanh Hoa province Dongshan Village sites named ) as the representative of the unearthed cultural relics, the most famous is the bronze drum. According to legend, the bright country followed by dozens of centuries, forming a 18 generation male king ruling male king era. Third Century BC, Qin conquered it. Since then, northern Vietnam in China feudal dynasty ruled for more than a century. North of period Qin Zhaoshi, Qin Shihuang sent troops to conquer south of the Five Ridges, northern Vietnam under county jurisdiction under the elephant. Qin Mo peasant war, the Longchuan Xian Wei Zhao Tuo ( Hebei Zhending ) established in south of the Five Ridges the south of the country, capital of South China Sea (now Guangzhou ), and northern Vietnam actually belong to the South Vietnamese domination. In 113 BC, Emperor Wu sent troops to fight, in the year 111 BC kill Kingdom, in the setting of nine counties. Since then, China Vietnam under direct rule for over 1182 years, from the beginning, there are a large number of Chinese troops and reclamation to form moved to vietnam. The feudal period In tenth Century, the Five Dynasties, Cochin rebellion, the establishment of the state, but has been used as a vassal state of China or China, known as the great country, Kofi Annan, vietnam. In 1010 the capital or (now Hanoi) to establish centralized feudal country. During the intervals have Chinese counties north of period of direct rule. Main dynasties for Li Zhao (1010 - 1225), Chen Zhao (1225 - 1400), Li Zhao (1428 - 1527 ), West Hill ( 1778 - 1802 ), towards the Nguyen Dynasty (1802 - 1945). From 1407 to 1428, the Chinese Ming Dynasty emperor while the civil war among the Vietnamese Dynasty, sent troops to occupy Vietnam, and in the long established Cochin Chief Secretary ( provinces ), direct rule. In 1802, Nguyen reflected in the French support the Xishan towards, establish Nguyen, after receiving the Chinese Qing Dynasty emperor changes canonized as the" king of Vietnam", the formal establishment of the new state" Vietnam", which is also the origin of Cheap Nike Shoes the name of vietnam. In late nineteenth Century, the French colonial aggression in Vietnam, the Qing troops resistance. In 1885, the Qing government signed the" New Testament" France and France, was forced to admit that the Vietnamese independence. Since then, Vietnam thoroughly from Chinese domain independence, and reduced to a colony of france. In the face of the suffering of the people, patriotic youth Ruan patriotic ( Chairman Hu Zhiming, 1890 - 1969 June 5, 1911 ) to leave the country to overseas to seek the path of salvation. He went to France, Britain, the United States and the French colonial Africa countries, accepted Marx Lenin ideology. Ruan patriotic derive a truth: to liberate the whole nation, make motherland, to carry out revolutionary liberation movement; to carry out revolutionary liberation movement, must have revolution theory and new revolutionary organization leadership. In February 3, 1930, Ruan patriotic in Kowloon Hongkong China held a meeting, established the Communist Party of Vietnam, the party's political program puts forward the goal of the revolution, down with the method of imperialism and feudal group, so that the motherland completely independent. In Vietnam, under the leadership of the Communist Party, the Vietnamese waged against Japanese invaders in the upsurge of the revolution, the ultimate victory. On September 2, 1945, chairman Hu Zhiming in Hanoi about one hundred thousand Nike Jordan people gathered at Ba Ting square read" Declaration of independence", solemnly declared to the world established the Democratic Republic of vietnam.