Madagascar Republic of Madagascar, Africa Island, located in India ocean to the west, across the Mozambique Strait and the continent of Africa across the island, by the volcano rocks. As one of Africa, the fourth largest island in the world, Madagascar is rich in tourism resources, go up century since 90 time, the country's government Cheap Jordan tourism as a key development industry, encourage foreign investment to the tourism industry. Residents of98% is Madagascar. Madagascar is the world's one of the least developed countries, the national economy is given priority to with agriculture, agricultural population occupies countrywide total population 80% above, industrial foundation is very fragile. National leaders Former president Mark Ravalomanana ( Marc Lavalomanana ), sworn in2006May 6, 2002, he won again in December2007January, was sworn in March,2009, Ravalomanana announced the handover of power to the military; national assembly dioncounda Jacques Sylla was elected in October,2007. In March 18, 2009, the constitutional court ruled that the Madagascar Andrea Raggio Lena ( Andly Lajoelina ) as president, March 21st, inauguration. Population 18600000. Malagasy accounted for over 98% of the total population, consists of 18 nationalities, which has a larger: Iraq and the wheat (26.1% of the total population ), Tony Lakshmi tied at (14.1%), Beixilve (12%), Lakshmi Hutt (7.2%), Sarkar Laval (5.8% ), An Tan ( DERO5.3%) and Aetna Sarkar (5%) etc.. The tribal language, culture, customs and habits of roughly the same. In the horse settled still has a few comorans, Indians, Pakistan and French, and about 15000of overseas Chinese and chinese. The national language of Madagascar (genus Malay - Polynesian languages ), the official general English and french. Residents of52% practise traditional religion,41% are Christian ( Catholic and Protestant ),7% islam. Capital Antananarivo ( Antananalivo ), population 1700000, is located in the central highlands of Madagascar Antananarivo a horseshoe-shaped ridge, is a close to the equator of the plateau city. Antananarivo is the country's largest city, is also a mild, non, Europe three continents mixed style of the city. Antananarivo is the traffic hub of the whole nation, industry is concentrated mainly in the western half of the city. Editor this paragraph of Geography Historical Geography The year 1 ~ tenth Century, Indonesia and the Arabs to Nike Air Max successively move to the island, and with the local intermarriage, formation of malagasy. Fourteenth Century in central and East [Madagascar] Madagascar  The south coast of a national organization. In sixteenth Century, Jimmy Lee the people in central Iraq, establishing the kingdom of wheat. In 1794developed into a centralized feudal state. At the beginning of nineteenth Century LADA horse I united the island, established the kingdom of Madagascar. In 1862France signed the so-called LADA horse II with the Treaty of Commerce, approved the establishment of the " Madagascar real estate, industrial and commercial company", the natural resources development gave to Lambert led the French capitalists. The people of Madagascar revolted in May 9, 1863, surrounded the palace, demanding the abolition of unequal treaties. In May 12th king was strangled, Prince Zuo He, heir to the throne in the queen, announced the abolition of France with the conclusion of the treaty. 1864Rhyne liari Warne served as Prime Minister of Madagascar, became the real ruler. He uses the EF for Madagascar contradiction, in 1865 with the British trade agreements, in an attempt to counteract the forces of france. In 1868the French reached a new agreement, France claims" permanently" recognized the independence of Madagascar. Lennie liari Warne government used the breathing space, intensifying internal reforms. He enacted a series of laws, foreign affairs, defense, established in the central finance, internal affairs, education department, outlawed debt slavery", prohibited to engage in slave trade". Eighteen eighties, French colonists to prepare the annexation of Madagascar. France excuse alien legacy, requirements on the island northwest of the Saka Lawa people protect. This kind of unreasonable demands by Lennie liari Warne government resolutely refused to. Act of 1883army shelled the Mahajanga port, and at Cheap Adidas Tamatave harbor landing. Madagascar people to war, repeatedly defeated the invaders, the war lasted more than two years. In 1885the two countries signed a treaty law, France once again recognized Madagascar's independence and sovereignty, but foreign affairs from France the prison leadership, the French right in Madagascar long-term lease of land. In fact, Madagascar became a French protectorate. In 1896 reduced to a colony of france. In March 29, 1947, the people of Madagascar held a large-scale armed uprising against the French in Madagascar, more than 50 years of colonial rule, many people in the uprising [ ] capital landscape of Antananarivo Capital of Antananarivo : a view of  Sacrifice. In 1958 to become autonomous republic within the French community. The declaration of independence in June 26, 1960, the establishment of the Republic of Madagascar. In December 21, 1975changed the name of the Democratic Republic of the Madagascar. In 1991 the political turmoil. In 1992August, a national referendum by third republic constitution, restoring the original name. In 1997February, Didier Ratsiraka was elected president. In May 6, 2002, Mark Ravalomanana ( Marc Lavalomanana ) was sworn in as president. In 2006December, Mark Ravalomanana was re-elected president. In 2009February, riots in Madagascar more than 300casualties, the president fled the capital. In 2009March, in the international community strongly condemned and former President Marc Ravalomanana supporters protest, Timberland Boots only 34 years old, Rajotte Lena was sworn in as Madagascar 's president, a term of two years. Natural geography Physical geography: located in India Ocean southwest of Mozambique Strait, the continent of Africa and the sea, is the world's fourth largest island, an area of 590750 square kilometers ( including the surrounding islands ), coasting grows 5000kilometers. The island volcano rocks by. Central to the altitude of 800~1500 meters from the central plateau, Tsaratanana mountain peak Ma Lumu Coulter Lushan Mountain is 2876 meters above sea level, is the highest point. The eastern ribbon lowland, many sand dunes and lagoons. To the west of gently inclined plain,500 metres from the low plateau gradually decreased to the coastal plain. Betsey Buka, Qi than Krishna, Mann Gu Ji and Manchester ancient Lu four large rivers. Famous attractions of Bendigo diaz-rahi city has the world's most beautiful coastline, is also the world's second largest bay. " The little prince" is the classic readings in token of love monkey bread tree, soft white sand beaches, the world's smallest primate animal -- the aye-aye, reportedly the smallest only 50grams. This city full of exotic, is a" Utopia " is called. The pirate leader established their own corner of a city wall and the creation of a nationality, who defected to live are welcome, admission system, that was quite famous," Utopia " in the name is that, since there were remnants retained. Therefore, the city 's colonial era buildings and a variety of styles retained the most comprehensive city. Madagascar pictures (10 pictures) Southeast is coastal in the southeast trade winds due to windward slopes, from India ocean to bring a lot of water, therefore, is a tropical rain forest climate, always hot and humid, seasonal variation is not obvious; mid to low mountains, tropical highland climate, mild and cool, western in the leeward slope, water vapor is difficult to reach, is a savannah climate, drought and little the rain. Resource geography Rich in natural resources. Graphite reserves of Africa's first, and mica, uranium, lead, gold, silver, precious stones, quartz, bauxite, copper, nickel, chromium, coal etc.. River rapids, hydroelectric power potential is great. Forest area 14700000 hectare. Food crops are rice, cassava, corn, rice has been close to self-sufficiency. The main cash Coach Outlet crops are coffee, cloves, sisal, sugar cane, cotton, peanuts, and vanilla ( Chinese Manila ) crop and export volume all occupy world first place. Madagascar is rich in tourism resources, but lack of service facilities, government is as a key development, encourage foreign investment. Tourists mainly come from europe. The main tourist spots for bass Island, Saint Mary's island. Gem on the island of Madagascar and almost all of the colored gemstone species are found, the market can be seen at least more than 30varieties: emerald, ruby, sapphire, emerald, Gold Aquamarine, caesium beryl, golden beryl, tourmaline, quartz stones, colored garnet jewelry, feldspar gem, apatite, cordierite, sphene, zircon, topaz, opal ... ... Although many mine found a relatively late time, but Madagascar is becoming an emerging but play a decisive role gem origin. Baobab trees worth is the introduction of Chanel Handbags Madagascar baobab tree. Plants of the genus circles - angiosperms - magnoliopsida class II really rose branch - Malvales - Bombacaceae adansonia. The baobab tree trunk high but 20 meters, and diameter at breast height is up to15 meters of above, often more than a dozen adults in hand to hold. Crown diameters of up to 50meters of above. Because it looks like a big fat, so the local people also call it" big fat subtree"," the tree image". The baobab tree looks very strange, there is an ancient legend: when the wave Babu tree in Africa" settle down", it is not" God", but his choice of Savannah, and infuriated the" God", it pulled up, then wave Babu tree is inverted on the ground, into a strange" fell trees". Until today, it is still sparsely distributed in the savannahs of Africa, which has become the unique scenery. Tropical savanna climate is hot all year, with obvious wet and dry seasons, the dry season rainfall rarely. The baobab tree in order to be able to go through the dry season, during the rainy season, is trying desperately to absorb moisture, storage in hypertrophy of the trunk. Its xylem as porous sponge, which contains large amounts of moisture, in the time of drought, will become an ideal source. It has helped many people in tropical grassland travel provides for saving water, Prada UK save the thirst dying traveler, so it was called" the tree of life". Baobab fruit is long elliptic, grey and white,30to 35 cm long, longitudinal surface of about 15~ 17 cm. Juicy flesh, containing an organic acid and pectin, eats a sour. Can be eaten raw, but also the production of soft drinks and condiments. In pulp package has a lot of seeds, the seeds of high oil content of 15%, oil from light yellow, is a good edible oil. The seeds can also be mixed with grains edible. During the rainy season, the baobab tree in the branches grow3to 7leaflets pinnately compound leaf. The leaves contain rich vitamin and calcium, local residents love to eat vegetables. The leaves can be soup, taste excellent; leaf dried crushed, can. Fruit, leaves and bark can be used as medicine, local people often used to treat malaria. The bark is also rich in cellulose, can make rope and the strings of a musical instrument, but also can be used as papermaking raw material, long ago people also use it to make coarse.