Astana ( Kazakh: finishing author ) of akmola, is the Eurasian national capital of Kazakhstan, is known as the Eurasian heart, is the world's Youngest Capital One, is central Asia 's most modern Nike UK city, Astana is located in Kazakhstan center position and slightly north, away from the former capital Almaty is about 1300kilometers, ishim river through the city, four seasons pleasant climate, ecological environment is good, Kazakhstan is the main production base of industry and agriculture, national rail transportation hub. Astana in 13 years, from a population of only 200000 people desert town, now the rise of a modern city, influence in the unceasing enhancement, it is Kazakhstan the rapid development of a miniature, at the same time also bid to host the2017World Expo and other international events, grow with each passing day international status. Historical evolution Astana formerly akmola, is the capital of Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan is located in the North Central Plains hills, former capital Almaty distance more than 1300 kilometers, basically in the geographical center of Kazakhstan, coordinates are latitude 51.1 degrees north,71.5 degrees east longitude. Beautiful Jehiel River Beltway [Astana] Astana , four seasons pleasant climate, Kazakhstan is the main production base of industry and agriculture, population 800000(2012). In Kazakh language," Astana" means " capital". The history of akmola was a fortress, its name was changed several times. Eighteenth Century, from Asian countries to European merchants have akmola as midway rest place, therefore, the Eurasian akmola was an important trade center. In 1832 the akmola began to build the city,1832-1961, called akmolinsk. Nineteen fifties, the former Soviet Union many young blood in response to the national call to come to reclaim wasteland, makes it an important food source, and from 1961 onwards akmola also known as tselinograd ( Russian for" reclaim the city." ). Kazakhstan declared her independence in December 16, 1991, the tselinograd regained Chanel Wallets formerly" astana". As the former capital of Almaty, Kazakhstan is located in border area, city expands limited, in 1994 Kazakhstan decided in 2000 before the capital was moved to north of akmola. 1997 Astana1(33) The end of 10 years, President Nursultan Nazarbayev signed a decree, announced by the ATA at astana. To make this decision is the result of history, the new capital of the favorable geographic location, it is in the center and the main highway interchange. The capital, in the vast extent, determine the future development of the country 's young. In the grand new capital announced that the ceremony, President Nursultan Nazarbayev announced:" from now on, here, our center, will begin to formulate a series of relationship beneficial to the people's livelihood decision. Now, here, beating the heart of our motherland. Here, Kazakhstan to determine their own destiny." In November 8, 1997, Kazakhstan national flag, emblem and symbol -- presidential flag handover ceremony in Kazakhstan to new presidential palace. In December 10, 1997, Kazakhstan 's President Nursultan Nazarbayev in akmola solemnly announced akmola City, officially became the permanent capital of Kazakhstan"". Akmola replaced Almaty became Kazakhstan's new capital, became the political center of the country, ATA despite the loss of the status of the capital, but will be Kazakhstan's largest economy, culture and center of science and technology. Will remain in the national political, economic and cultural life plays an important role, the government, Ministry of science, education, culture and the Department of health and the national bank will stay long in almaty. In May 6, 1998, Kazakhstan 's President Nursultan Nazarbayev will akmola renamed Astana, because" Astana" in Kazakh language means " capital", and" akmola" in Kazakh language means " the white tomb" Astana2(20) , which is not conducive to the capital 's image. But the aqmola name has not changed. Now, Astana has developed to take on an altogether new aspect, and gradually in the world to establish prestige, Prada Bags became Kazakhstan to reform the symbol.  Editor this paragraph Astana Construction Group Astana has a very strange and beautiful buildings, but the buildings are still under construction. At13years, the appearance of Astana change rapidly, Astana is in in building or construction of buildings (17) Rapid development of economy, it has become a symbol of the development of Kazakhstan. From the city to the Astana International Airport along the way, can see the ishim river left economic development zone and a piece of high rise buildings, appears in the display of the city unlimited vitality today, also indicates that the city a better tomorrow, once known as the Central Asia 's first high-rise, the fourteenth tallest in the world of the Bailly Terek tower, was a building more than. Astana plans to build buildings. Astana plans to build a building group Editor this paragraph of World Architecture Khan Chartres ( Khan shater ) is known as the world's largest tents,150 meters high, is located in Kazakhstan 's capital Astana, the tent, internal build a man-made beach, waterfall, a mini golf course and the botanical garden, built in July 6, 2010enabled. Khan Chartres [ ] Khan Chartres Khan Chartres big tent in Kazakhstan national oil and gas company ( KazMunaiGas ) the Astana headquarters of the central archway. Through the Astana city of the central axis of the sidewalk ends, while the other end is referred to as the" palace of peace and Coach Bags reconciliation" Pyramid culture research center. Editor this paragraph Astana climate Astana 's climate is typical of continental climate, the long winter, cold, hot, dry summer less snow. Usually in the middle of November began around the formation of snow, snow cover the period up to 130- 140days, winter5 -5.5 months sometimes cold period up to 245 days, the average temperature in January is - 17degrees, the coldest [Astana] Astana Winter absolute temperatures have reached to 52 DEG c.. For many years the average thickness of 30centimeters of snow. The annual sunshine time is2200 hours, frost-free period of 120 days. The average temperature in July is 20degrees, the highest temperature ever amounted to 42DEG c.. The average annual rainfall of 400 mm,30% of which occur in the spring,66% in autumn and winter. In July the greatest rainfall (55 mm ), December (20 mm ) minimal precipitation. Astana city construction Walking in the streets of Astana, you will find the buildings here than the European each big city, favorably, this building style mainly has two kinds, one kind is the European style buildings, another kind is the Islamic style architecture. Astana from the nineteen fifties has developed gradually, become the northern Kazakhstan Kazakh President [ building ] Kazakh President house building The main road and railway hub, but also set up the machine manufacturing industry, light industry, as well as the University theatre and other educational facilities. Since 1994July, the government decided to move the capital, Astana had a large scale city renovation and expansion project, transportation, communications, energy and other facilities is ceaseless and perfect, make to modern city stride. In 1996, a Japanese architect design program in Astana city design Timberland UK international invite public bidding is selected. 1998 for the rebuilding of the city investment amounts to 47000000 dollar. Ishim river is broad marble street, its style is like Russia's second largest city St Petersburg Nevsky Avenue; the city over the lawn, flower beds, Miniature Park and city square. Editor this paragraph Astana economic Astana city is Kazakhstan's large industrial center, here are the important mechanical processing enterprises ( mainly the production of agricultural machinery and accessories, animal husbandry machinery and feed processing equipment ), metal processing enterprises, flour milling enterprises, food processing enterprises, also formed a strong, developed in the construction industry. In 1997 the city 's industrial enterprises in the production of951000000 kwh of electricity,1127 sets of machine mower, more than 7.7cubic meters of reinforced concrete members and about 1000000 building bricks, processing1937 tons of meat,2730 tons,4882tons of sausage products all dairy products,120000tons of flour,1685 tons of candy,8420000 litres of wine and sweet wine. [ Astana ]. Downtown Astana By the end of 1997, Astana City, a total of 40foreign capital and joint venture enterprise. In 1997the city 's foreign trade amounted to 22600000 U.S. dollars, of which imports amounted to21600000 dollar, exit forehead is 1000000 dollar. The export of grain and milling rice products, sold to Russia, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. From January 1, 1997 Astana city administrative area within the scope of the establishment of special economic zones for the city economic and infrastructure development is of great significance, the special economic zone of the building has been listed as Kazakhstan to attract domestic and foreign capital preferential economic projects. In 1997 the city to obtain the fundamental construction investment is 5 times more than in 1996. Editor this paragraph Astana culture and education Astana city has a strong social culture foundation. As of early 1998, the city's housing area of 4900000 square meters, Adidas Shoes of which 87% are private housing; residents per capita housing area more than 17square meters. The city has18 hospitals and29clinics,2medical schools and 1of medical school training medical staff, by the end of 1997, the city has a total of49preschool education institutions,43 ordinary middle schools,7occupation technical school,9secondary schools,2 Comprehensive University of science,2Institute |5 Private University,1Department of internal affairs of the occupation training school. In Kazakhstan the new capital city on the eve of the completed,25 tall five level guesthouse" Continental", greeted the first visitors. The city has3 museums,2 theatres,3major cultural centers, clubs, cinemas and library,1 cultural park to rest,2stadiums,3swimming pools,10seat stadium. Now being built National Museum and the library. Transformation of Republic palace. Kazakhstan's first40 storey skyscraper will also be put into use. Building with the trade and financial services center. Editor this paragraph a famous building in Astana In 2009July, the Kazakhstan legislature approved ha of China and the government of the United Arab Emirates signed on in the capital city of Astana in Central Asia -- the first high-rise construction" Abu Dhabi Plaza Agreement". Abu Dhabi Plaza is a group of tower complex, adjacent to the Astana landmarks " Bayh Terek tower", located in central Astana, lots of gold. By virtue of the highest main Jordan shoes UK building88layer 382meters high, after the completion of the Abu Dhabi Plaza will become the first high-rise of Central Asia, the world's fourteenth largest building. Abu Dhabi Plaza buildings overall high cost $1000000000, began construction on July 1, 2009,2014completed by the end of. In fact, only Abu Dhabi Plaza in Astana in recent years rapid development of a miniature, but it is not difficult to see Kazakhstan government of Astana will be developed into Eurasia center and The modern city of lofty ideals and high aspirations in central asia. Astana Sports In 2011, the seventh Asian Winter Games will be the largest city in Astana and Kazakhstan Almaty held at the same time. Vice Minister of sports tall gat Ye Ermei GEE zhilyaev said, Astana will be the main contractor of the Asian Winter Games on ice game projects, including ice skating, ice hockey, and ATA major snow event. The current (2009December Air Max to Astana city ), the Asian Winter Games venues construction is wildly beating gongs and drums of.